Riyadh is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. It is situated in the center of the Arabian Peninsula on a large plateau, and is home to 4,854,000 people and the urban center of a region with a population of close to 6 million people. The city is divided into 15 municipal districts, managed by Riyadh Municipality headed by the mayor of Riyadh, and the Riyadh Development Authority.
The name Riyadh is derived from the plural of the Arabic word rawdha, which means “garden” particularly those formed in the desert after rains.
Olaya District is the commercial heart of the city, with accommodation, entertainment, dining and shopping options. The Kingdom Center, Al Faisaliah and Al Tahlya Street are the area’s most prominent landmarks. The Diplomatic Quarter, or DQ as it is popularly known is home to foreign embassies and international organizations as well as residential structures and malls. The centre of the city, Al-Bathaa and Al-Dirah, is also its oldest part. At its heart lies the 19th-century Al Masmak fort, which is one of the city's major attractions; to the west lies the Riyadh Museum of History and Archeology and the Murabba' Palace, an old residence of first Saudi king, Ibn Saud, now a museum. The Qasr Al-Hukm, or Palace of Justice, is nearby.